Assessment Purpose & Use
The Alternate ACCESS for ELLs is an assessment of English language proficiency (ELP) for students in grades 1 -12 who are classified as English language learners (ELLs) and have significant cognitive disabilities that prevent their meaningful participation in the ACCESS for ELLs assessment. The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB; 2001) requires that all students identified as ELLs be assessed annually for English language proficiency, including students who receive special education services. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA; 2004) also mandates that students with disabilities participate in state-wide and district-wide assessment programs, including alternate assessments with appropriate accommodations, when it is documented in their Individualized Education Programs (IEP). For this reason, WIDA created the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs to meet federal accountability requirements and to provide educators with a measure sensitive to English language proficiency growth of ELLs with significant cognitive disabilities.
Alternate Language Proficiency Levels
The Alternate ACCESS for ELLs aligns with the WIDA Alternate English Language Proficiency levels. These levels were designed to expand upon Level P1 - Entering, by increasing the sensitivity of the measure for students who have significant cognitive disabilities. The alternate ELP levels give students a chance to demonstrate progress within Level P1.
Alternate Model Performance Indicators (AMPIs)
The test is based on Alternate Model Performance Indicators (AMPIs), which provide expectations of what students should be able to process and produce at a given Alternate ELP level. To accommodate the three Alternate ELP levels (i.e., Initiating, Exploring, Engaging), AMPIs were developed for each language domain, standard, and grade-level cluster.
- language function (e.g., indicate, match, locate),
- example topic (e.g., text elements), and
- form of support (e.g., sensory, graphic, interactive).
9-12 Language of Science
Attend to labeled pictures related to science
Match pictures with science vocabulary words
Locate single components of data from everyday sources represented in tables
Example Alternate Assessment Activities
Teacher presents student with labeled pictures of weather conditions. Student attends to the pictures by demonstrating eye gaze, making sounds, etc.
Teacher presents student with three pictures depicting weather conditions. Student matches the pictures to the correct words (e.g., sun, cloud, snow).
Teacher presents student with weather forecast from newspaper and asks “What day will it be rainy?” Student indicates correct day.
AMPIs for Grade-Level Cluster 9 -12 in the Standard of Language of Science in the Domain of Reading.
English Language Development Standards
Test items are written from AMPIs and MPIs from four of WIDA’s ELD standards:
- Social & Instructional Language
- Language of Language Arts
- Language of Mathematics
- Language of Science
||Number of Tasks
||Range of Levels
||SIL, LoMA, LoSC, LoLA
||A1-A3 and P1-P2
||SIL, LoMA, LoSC, LoLA
||A1-A3 and P1-P2
||A1-A3 and P1-P2
||SIL, LoSC, LoLA
||A1-A3 and P1-P3
Each test form assesses the four language domains of Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing.
Test forms are divided into the following grade-level clusters:
- Grades 1-2
- Grades 3-5
- Grades 6-8
- Grades 9-12
The Sample Items publication is intended to help Alternate ACCESS for ELLs test administrators become familiar with the new features of the assessment. Within this document, one sample item is provided for each domain (Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing) in the 3-5 grade level cluster so that test administrators can see how test items are formatted in each section.
A field test version of Alternate ACCESS for ELLs was initially developed by a team led by Craig A. Albers, Ph.D., at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in collaboration with the District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE) with funds from USDE. The operational Series 100 assessment has undergone significant redevelopment at the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) in Washington, D.C., in collaboration with WIDA. States are currently using the Series 101 assessment which was developed in partnership with CAL and WIDA. For information about the grant research and outcomes, please visit the Alternate ACCESS grant’s archived website.
The Future of Alternate ACCESS for ELLs
The Alternate Model Performance Indicators are currently being revised to align with the Common Core Essential Elements and WIDA’s 2012 Amplification of the ELD Standards. Once the AMPIs are revised, the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs test forms will be modified to reflect the updated framework.
Test results are reviewed annually by WIDA's Technical Advisory
The Alternate ACCESS for ELLs Technical Reports address
the validity and reliability of the assessment.
Alternate ACCESS for ELLs is designed for ELLs with significant cognitive disabilities. In order to receive meaningful information from the test, it is very important that only students who meet all 4 criteria below participate in the assessment. Other ELLs should continue to take the existing ACCESS for ELLs assessment, with appropriate accommodations as necessary.
Participation has to be decided by the student's IEP team.
- IEP teams decide whether students who are classified as ELLs with significant cognitive disabilities participate in the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs.
- The following criteria were designed to help IEP teams determine whether the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs is an appropriate test for students.
If the IEP team has found the following 4 criteria to be true the student is eligible to participate in the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs:
1. The student is classified as an ELL.
2. The student has a significant cognitive disability and receives special education services under IDEA (2004).
3. The student's IEP team determined the student will not participate in the general education curriculum.
- Accommodations and modifications within the general education curriculum were considered.
- The decision to participate in alternate curriculum (if offered) is not primarily due to social, cultural, or economic factors.
- The student's curriculum more closely reflects the Alternate Model Performance Indicators (AMPIs) than typical age or grade-appropriate benchmarks.
4. The student is or will be participating in his/her state-wide alternate accountability assessment.
Alternate ACCESS can be ordered along with ACCESS for ELLs test materials from MetriTech, Inc. via the established order process, beginning October 2012. For detailed information on ordering, handling, and returning Alternate ACCESS for ELLs test materials, please refer to the ACCESS for ELLs webpage.
Unlike ACCESS for ELLs, the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs assessment is individually administered for all four sections (Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking) of the test.
WIDA recommends that each test section be administered in a separate testing session.
The different test sections can be administered on different days, with no minimum or maximum break between administrations, as long as the entire assessment is administered within your district’s allotted testing window. Each section of the test is estimated to take approximately 20 minutes.
Please see the Test Administration Manual for additional details on scheduling the test.
Test Administrator Preparation
Test administration training and certification is crucial for successful administration of Alternate ACCESS for ELLs, and answers to many frequently asked questions about test administration are answered in the training. Online and/or face-to-face training may be required by your state in order for you to become a test administrator (TA) for the first time. Some states also require annual training updates for certified TAs. Please view your state’s page to review any requirements that may apply to you.
Training materials related to the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs and WIDA ELP Standards are available in the Downloads & Products menu (on the right side of the screen) for local trainers (facilitators, coordinators, or Test Administrators). You may edit the PowerPoints, but do not post them publicly. Additional Alternate ACCESS for ELLs training materials include PowerPoint presentations that you can customize and use with other educators in your local context. The Introduction to Alternate ACCESS for ELLs PowerPoint is available to anyone; however, the Administering Alternate ACCESS for ELLs PowerPoint contains secure test information and therefore requires an online training course login.
WIDA requires test administrators to complete the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs Test Administration Quiz before administering the test. It is the state or district’s responsibility to monitor whether test administrators have passed the quiz and are prepared to administer the assessment. District Test Coordinators can monitor their district educators’ training certification results in the online course by clicking on “My Quizzes”, followed by the “District View” tab. If you are a District Test Coordinator and do not see this tab in the training course, please call the WIDA Client Services Center at 1-866-276-7735 or email email@example.com to request it.
The certification quiz can be found in the ACCESS for ELLs Training Course & Quizzes Secure Portal. The quiz requires a personal account. Only educators in Consortium member states can create accounts to take the training. Please note that member states have different policies for who can take the training and how to access the Account Creator.
- The Listening and Reading Sections consist of multiple choice questions
- The Writing and Speaking Sections prompt the student for a constructed response
- Separate test forms are available for each grade level cluster
- All sections are adaptive, meaning that test items are presented until the student reaches his/her performance “ceiling”
- All test sections are hand scored by the test administrator; each item must be scored before moving on to the next item
Specific instructions on how to administer each section of the test can be found in the following resources:
- Test Administration Manual
- Test Administration Script
- Administering Alternate ACCESS for ELLs webinars
- Administering Alternate ACCESS for ELLs PowerPoint
Much like in any testing situation, please review and follow all state and local testing and security policies before administering the test.
Unique Features of the Test
The Alternate ACCESS for ELLs provides students with additional opportunities to demonstrate their English language proficiency through scripted cues in the Listening and Readings Sections and auxiliary questions in the Speaking Section. It also includes modeled tasks in the Writing Section to allow students to observe the test administrator perform the task before trying it. Other unique features of the test include simplified language, repetition of questions, increased graphic support, larger testing materials, and graphics.
The Listening and Reading Sections of the test include scripted cues and repetition to provide students with multiple opportunities to show what they know. The cuing system is comprised of three cues for each test item:
- CUE A - initial prompt and question of the task
- CUE B - simplified prompt of CUE A
- CUE C - provides answer, restates prompt, and asks question again
The test administrator takes the following steps to administer each task in the Listening and the Reading Sections:
- Administer CUE A
- If student does not respond, test administrator repeats CUE A again
- If student answers incorrectly or does not respond to CUE A, test administrator reads CUE B
- If student responds incorrectly, or does not respond at all to CUE B, test administrator administers CUE C
Testing accommodations provide students with disabilities an opportunity to demonstrate their English language proficiency in a way that is similar to students without disabilities without changing what the test measures, thus invalidating the test results. In other words, appropriate accommodations level the playing field for students with disabilities, providing an equitable opportunity to demonstrate what they can do.
Considerations When Choosing Appropriate Accommodations
Does the accommodation address the student’s special need(s)?
Accommodations must be tailored to the specific needs of each student as outlined in the student’s IEP. Test administrators should use their professional judgment when applying accommodations to Alternate ACCESS for ELLs. For example, when determining whether an accommodation is appropriate for use within certain sections or all sections of the test, test administrators should first determine whether the practices and/or procedures included in the accommodation will provide the student equitable opportunity to demonstrate their abilities. If the accommodation does not provide the student equitable opportunity to demonstrate what he or she knows, the accommodation is not appropriate and should not be used in Alternate ACCESS for ELLs.
Does the student have experience with the given accommodation(s) on an ongoing basis in the classroom or testing situations?
The accommodations a student uses for Alternate ACCESS should be similar to accommodations the student uses during classroom instruction and/or other assessments.
Does the accommodation maintain the validity of the construct of what the test measures?
Before applying an accommodation to the test setting, test administrators must ensure that the nature of the accommodation does not alter the actual construct being assessed, which is knowledge of academic English language in the four language domains (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). For example, the test administrator reading text for the Reading Section would not maintain the construct of reading that is being tested.
Does the test administrator know the student and how to accurately apply the accommodation?
Test administrators should have experience working with the student and all accommodations included in the student’s IEP or become familiar with using them prior to administration.
Does the accommodation adhere to state policies for the accommodation of ELLs with disabilities on language proficiency tests?
Please refer to and abide by your state’s policies on appropriate accommodations for both English Language Learners and students with disabilities on language assessments as well as allowable test practices for all students.
Please see Guidelines for Accommodations on the Alternate ACCESS for ELLs for a complete list of WIDA's recommended accommodations. This document can be found under Downloads and Products.